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Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Mar 1;57(5):579-82.

Biochemical basis for a cholesterol-lowering activity of 2-[2"-(1",3"-dioxolane)]-2-methyl-4-(2'-oxo-1'-pyrrolidinyl)-6- nitro-2H-1-benzopyran (SKP-450), a novel antihypertensive agent.

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Department of Biochemistry and Bioproducts Research Center, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.


Administration (p.o.) of SKP-450, 2-[2"-(1",3"-dioxolane)]-2-methyl-4-(2'-oxo-1'-pyrrolidinyl)-6-nitro-2H- 1-benzopyran, a novel antihypertensive agent, to hypercholesterolemic Syrian hamsters led to a significant reduction in plasma lipids in a dose-dependent manner, i.e., a 10.8% to 29% reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol at doses of 0.3 to 10 mg/kg of SKP-450. SKP-450 was found to specifically inhibit the hepatic microsomal lanosterol 14alpha-methyl demethylase (14alpha-DM) in a competitive manner (Ki:2.65 microM). Furthermore, a dose-dependent decrease in the 14alpha-DM activity by SKP-450 parallelled the cholesterol synthetic rate in vitro in both the rat hepatic S10 fractions (supernatants at 10,000 g; IC50:20 microM) and Chinese hamster ovary cells (IC50:23 microM). However, this phenomenon was not seen in AR45 cells, which are deficient in 14alpha-DM, suggesting that 14alpha-DM is the major target for the inhibitory action of SKP-450 in regard to cholesterol biosynthesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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