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Int J Cancer. 1999 Feb 9;80(4):564-72.

Regulation of CD95 (Apo-1/Fas) ligand and receptor expression in squamous-cell carcinoma by interferon-gamma and cisplatin.

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Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany.


CD95 (Apo-1/Fas) ligand (CD95L) expression has been observed in various malignancies. In human primary cell lines from a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the vulva, the effect of cisplatin (CDDP) and IFNgamma on the expression of CD95L and its 2 receptor isoforms, CD95 transmembrane (CD95tm) and CD95 soluble receptor, was studied at the mRNA and protein levels. Addition of CDDP and IFNgamma increased CD95L mRNA levels in the primary cell line 6-fold and 1.7-fold, respectively. In comparison, CD95tm mRNA levels were diminished by CDDP but increased 8-fold upon IFNgamma challenge. CD95L expressed by SCC cells was functionally relevant since these cells were able to induce CD95-specific apoptosis in autologous lymphocytes from the SCC-bearing patient. Thus, CD95L expression in SCC may contribute to tumor-associated immunosuppression, which may be modulated by CDDP and IFNgamma. In tumor samples of the primary SCC, CD95L expression was enhanced in the area of the border between invasive tumor tissue and surrounding stroma cells. The locally restricted over-expression of CD95L was congruent with the arrangement of apoptotic stroma cells in the direct vicinity of invading tumor tongues, suggesting a role as invasion factor for CD95L.

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