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Int J Cancer. 1999 Feb 9;80(4):539-45.

Comparison of DNA-adduct and tissue-available dose levels of MeIQx in human and rodent colon following administration of a very low dose.

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Molecular and Structural Biology Division and Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94551, USA.


[2-14C]2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) was administered orally (304 ng/kg body-weight dose based upon an average 70-kg-body-weight subject) to 5 human colon-cancer patients (58 to 84 years old), as well as to F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice. Colon tissue was collected from the human subjects at surgery and from the rodents 3.5 to 6 hr after administration. Colon DNA-adduct levels and tissue available doses were measured by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The mean levels of MeIQx in the histologically normal colon tissue were not different among the human (97 +/- 26 pg MeIQx/g), rat (133 +/- 15 pg/g) or mouse (78 +/- 10 pg/g) tissues; and no difference existed between the levels detected in human normal and tumor tissue (101 +/- 15 pg/g). Mean DNA-adduct levels in normal human colon (26 +/- 4 adducts/10(12) nucleotides) were significantly greater (p < 0.01) than in rats (17.1 +/- 1 adduct/10(12) nucleotides) or mice (20.6 +/- 0.9 adduct/10(12) nucleotides). No difference existed in adduct levels between normal and tumor tissue in humans. These results show that MeIQx forms DNA adducts in human colon at low dose, and that the human colon may be more sensitive to the effects of MeIQx than that of mice or rats.

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