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Fertil Steril. 1999 Jan;71(1):90-5.

Corticosteroids do not influence ovarian responsiveness to gonadotropins in patients with premature ovarian failure: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Center Alkmaar, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of corticosteroids on ovarian responsiveness to exogenous gonadotropins in patients with idiopathic premature ovarian failure (POF).

DESIGN:

Placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study.

SETTING:

Two tertiary care academic centers for reproductive endocrinology and fertility and two general teaching hospitals.

PATIENT(S):

One hundred patients with idiopathic POF intended to enter the study. The study was discontinued after 36 patients failed to ovulate.

INTERVENTION(S):

Endocrine and immune parameters were tested on days 1 and 15. On day 1, subjects were randomized to receive either 9 mg of dexamethasone daily or placebo. From day 5 onward, 300 IU of hMG daily was added for 10 days in both groups. The dosage of dexamethasone was decreased stepwise in the second week and discontinued after day 15. Patients were monitored by transvaginal ultrasonography and by determining serum E2 levels.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Ovulation rate. Fifty patients would have to be included in each study group to detect a statistically significant difference of 20% in the ovulation rate between the two groups with alpha = 0.05 and beta = 0.1 (one-tailed test).

RESULT(S):

No ovulation was recorded in the first 36 patients. Interim analysis showed that the 95% confidence intervals of an ovulation rate of 0 were 0-17% for the dexamethasone arm (n = 19) and 0-19% for the placebo arm (n = 17). Because the preset objective (a difference of 20%) would never be reached, the study was discontinued.

CONCLUSION(S):

Corticosteroids do not influence ovarian responsiveness to gonadotropins in patients with idiopathic POF.

PMID:
9935122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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