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J Bone Miner Res. 1999 Feb;14(2):256-63.

Marked osteoblastopenia and reduced bone formation in a model of multiple myeloma bone disease in severe combined immunodeficiency mice.

Author information

1
Institute of Cancer Research and Molecular Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Abstract

We report on an in vivo model of human myeloma producing bone disease in irradiated severe combined immunodeficiency disease mice using the human myeloma cell line JJN-3 and its subline JJN-3 T1. The cell lines are not Epstein-Barr virus transformed and produce large amounts of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Mice had radiological signs of osteolysis and mild hypercalcemia. Xenografted cells were predominantly found in bone marrow and brown adipose tissue, but also in meninges and liver. Take was documented by histopathological examination, immunophenotyping of cultured bone marrow, and radiography. HGF was detected in serum and bone marrow plasma. Disease generally occurred within 45 days of intravenous inoculation and was signaled by paraparesis or signs of intracranial neoplasia. More than 90% of the mice had take of xenografts. The subline JJN-3 T1 gave more reproducible bone marrow take than the native cell line. Bone histomorphometric examination revealed a 99% reduction in osteoblast counts and a 33% reduction in osteoclast counts in areas of tumor growth. Bone formation rates were reduced by 53%. The results suggest that osteoblastopenia and reduced bone formation is of importance for the occurrence of osteolytic lesions in this model.

PMID:
9933480
DOI:
10.1359/jbmr.1999.14.2.256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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