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Circ Res. 1999 Feb 5;84(2):201-9.

Nitric oxide inhibits capacitative cation influx in human platelets by promoting sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase-dependent refilling of Ca2+ stores.

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Vascular Biology Unit, Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.


Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent inhibitor of thrombin-induced increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration and aggregation in platelets, but the precise mechanism of this inhibition is unclear. To measure Ca2+/Mn2+ influx in intact platelets and to monitor Ca2+ uptake into the stores in permeabilized platelets, fura-2 was used. In intact platelets, maximal capacitative Ca2+ and Mn2+ influx developed rapidly (within 30 s) after fast release of Ca2+ from the stores with thrombin (0.5 U/mL) or slowly (within 5 to 10 minutes) following passive Ca2+ leak caused by inhibition of sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) with 30 micromol/L 2,5-di-(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (BHQ). NO (1 micromol/L) inhibited capacitative Ca2+ and Mn2+ influx independently of the time after thrombin application. In contrast, the effect of NO on BHQ-induced Ca2+ and Mn2+ influx was observed only during the first few minutes after BHQ application and completely disappeared when capacitative cation influx reached its maximum. In Ca2+-free medium, NO reduced the peak Ca2+ rise caused by thrombin and significantly promoted Ca2+ back-sequestration into the stores. Both effects disappeared in the presence of BHQ. Inhibition of guanylate cyclase with H-(1,2,4) oxadiazolo(4,3-a) quinoxallin-1-one (10 micromol/L) attenuated but did not prevent the effects of NO on cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration. Inhibition of Ca2+ uptake by mitochondria did not change the effects of NO. In permeabilized platelets, NO accelerated back-sequestration of Ca2+ into the stores after inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ release or after addition of Ca2+ (1 micromol/L) in the absence of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate. The effect of NO depended on the initial rate of Ca2+ uptake and on the concentration of ATP and was abolished by BHQ, indicating the direct involvement of SERCA. These data strongly support the hypothesis that NO inhibits store-operated cation influx in human platelets indirectly via acceleration of SERCA-dependent refilling of Ca2+ stores.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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