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Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 1998 Dec;41(4):194-7.

Variations in the site and size of third ventriculocisternostomy.

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Neurosurgical Department, Cairo University, Egypt.


Seventy-eight cases of late-onset, non-communicating hydrocephalus were operated upon by third ventriculocisternostomy. The distortion in the anatomy of the dilated third ventricular floor dictated the selection of the target area. The optimal site for the perforation was the translucent, bluish and thinned out part of the floor. This was variable and in 76.9% not in the midline with more than one fenestra done in 35.9%. the size of the ventriculocisternostomy needed not be around 5 mm. Smaller sized openings in a taut floor (60.3%) served the same purpose as bigger ones in a redundant area (39.7%). The success of the procedure could be predicted from the profuse downward flow of cerebrospinal fluid through the perforation, "Whirl Sign". An acceptable assurance of our results was confirmed both clinically and radiologically. The outcome in our series had four grades, namely cured in 78.2%, ameliorated, but still needed diversion, in 16.7%, status quo in 2.5%, and complicated in 2.5%.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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