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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1999 Feb 5;64(2):246-54.

Molecular cloning, functional characterization and possible cooperativity between the murine P2X4 and P2X4a receptors.

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Autonomic Neuroscience Institute, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF,


We have cloned and functionally characterised the mouse orthologue of the P2X4 receptor, mP2X4, and a splice variant of this receptor, mP2X4a. mP2X4 is 388 amino acids in length and shares 94% and 87% identity with the rat and human P2X4 receptors, respectively, while mP2X4a is 361 amino acids in length and lacks a 27-amino acid region in the extracellular domain corresponding to exon 6 of the known P2X receptor gene structures. When expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, mP2X4 produces a rapid inward current in response to ATP with an EC50 of 1.68+/-0.2 microM, consistent with the affinity of the rat and human P2X4 receptors for ATP. This agonist response is potentiated by the P2X receptor antagonists suramin, Reactive blue 2 and, over a limited concentration range, by PPADS. Although mP2X4a forms a poorly functional homomeric receptor, it appears able to interact with the full-length mP2X4 subunit to result in a functional channel with a reduced affinity for ATP. These results suggest a possible role for splice variants of P2X receptors in the formation of functional heteromeric ion channels.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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