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Gene. 1999 Jan 21;226(2):147-54.

Molecular characterization of a novel beta-1,3-exoglucanase related to mycoparasitism of Trichoderma harzianum.

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Otto-Warburg-Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100,


Trichoderma harzianum, a soil-borne filamentous fungus, is capable of parasitizing several plant pathogenic fungi. Secretion of lytic enzymes, mainly glucanases and chitinases, is considered the most crucial step of the mycoparasitic process. The lytic enzymes degrade the cell walls of the pathogenic fungi, enabling Trichoderma to utilize both their cell walls and cellular contents for nutrition. We have purified a 110kDa novel extracellular beta-1,3-exoglucanase from T. harzianum, grown with laminarin or in dual cultures with host fungi. The corresponding gene, lam1.3, and its cDNA were isolated and their nucleotide sequences determined. The deduced amino-acid sequence predicted a molecular mass of 110.7kDa of a mature protein excluding a signal peptide. LAM1.3 showed high homology to EXG1, a beta-1,3-exoglucanase of the phytopathogenic fungus Cochliobolus carbonum, and a lower homology to BGN13.1, a beta-1,3-endoglucanase isolated from T. harzianum. However, it contains a unique C-terminal embodying cysteine motifs. The expression of lam1.3 in growth with laminarin, but not with glucose, was found to be a result of differential accumulation of the corresponding mRNA.

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