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Gene. 1999 Jan 21;226(2):139-46.

Multiple p450alk (cytochrome P450 alkane hydroxylase) genes from the halotolerant yeast Debaryomyces hansenii.

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Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0524,


The halotolerant alkane-assimilating yeast Debaryomyces hansenii was examined for P450 alkane hydroxylase genes known to be required for alkane assimilation in Candida. Four distinct P450alk gene segments and an allelic segment were isolated using PCR based on degenerate primers derived from the CYP52 family of alkane-inducible P450 genes. A screen of a genomic library (15-20kb inserts) constructed for this study, using a probe based on the PCR-isolated segments, yielded seven clones. This has led to the isolation and sequence of two full-length genes DH-ALK1 and DH-ALK2. These genes, each with an ORF of 1557 bp (519 aa), contained no apparent introns and showed 64% nucleotide sequence homology (61% based on the deduced amino acid sequences). The deduced proteins had predicted molecular weights of 59,254Da (DH-ALK1) and 59,614Da (DH-ALK2) and have been designated CYP52A12 and CYP52A13 by the P450 Nomenclature Committee. Phylogenetic analysis based on Neighbor Joining Tree showed that DH-ALK1 and DH-ALK2 constitute new genes located on two distinct branches and are most related to the gene CYP52A3 (60% deduced aa homology) and are least related to the gene CYP52C2 (41% deduced aa homology), both of C. maltosa. The isolated genes will provide tools to better understand the diversity of the P450alk family in eukaryotic microorganisms adapted to varied environmental conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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