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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Jan 29;1437(1):63-70.

Trout thrombocytes contain 12- but not 5-lipoxygenase activity.

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School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK.


Fish thrombocytes are thought to be the evolutionary forerunners of mammalian platelets. Thrombocyte preparations made by conventional methods, such as density gradient centrifugation, contain other cell types such as neutrophilic granulocytes and lymphocytes that could interfere with subsequent experiments. In this study, rainbow trout thrombocytes were separated by density gradient centrifugation and further purified by magnetic cell sorting (MACS) using the thrombocyte specific monoclonal antibody, 30D8. Thrombocyte purity was assessed by reactivity to 30D8 using flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. Following purification by density gradient centrifugation, thrombocytes were 66.9+/-9.2% (mean value+/-S.E.M., n=3) pure. Further purification by MACS significantly increased thrombocyte purity to 97.3+/-0.6%, whereas only 1.4% of the MACS -ve fraction were identified as these cells. Incubation of thrombocytes isolated by density gradient alone with calcium ionophore, A23187, generated a range of eicosanoids derived from arachidonic or eicosapentaenoic acids, namely, leukotriene (LT)B4, LTB5, lipoxin (LX)A4, LXA5, 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) and 12-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid (12-HEPE). A similar eicosanoid generation profile was observed for cells in the MACS -ve fraction; however, MACS +ve cells (thrombocytes) generated no 4 or 5 series LT or LX but did generate significant amounts of the 12-lipoxygenase (LO) products, 12-HETE and 12-HEPE. These results indicate that trout thrombocytes contain no demonstrable 5-LO activity and like their mammalian counterparts possess 12-LO activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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