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Horm Metab Res. 1998 Dec;30(12):705-10.

Insulin increases liver protein phosphatase-1 and protein phosphatase-2C activities in lean, young adult rhesus monkeys.

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Obesity and Diabetes Research Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology, 21201, USA.


Liver glycogen synthase activity is increased, and glycogen phosphorylase activity and glucose 6-phosphate content reduced by in vivo insulin during a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp in lean young adult rhesus monkeys. To examine the mechanism of dephosphorylation of liver glycogen synthase and glycogen phosphorylase, the enzyme activities of protein phosphatase-1, protein phosphatase-2C, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, glycogen synthase kinase-3, protein kinase C and protein tyrosine kinase were determined before and after three hours of in vivo insulin in these same monkeys. The bioactivity of an inositol phosphoglycan insulin mediator (pH 2.0) and cAMP concentrations were also measured in the liver before and after insulin administration. Insulin caused significant increases in protein phosphatase-1 (p = 0.005) and in protein phosphatase-2C activities (p = 0.001). Insulin-stimulated minus basal bioactivity of the pH 2.0 insulin mediator was strongly inversely related to the insulin-stimulated minus basal glucose 6-phosphate content (r = -0.93, p < 0.0001). These findings suggest that protein phosphatase-1 and protein phosphatase-2C may be involved in the mechanism of in vivo insulin activation of liver glycogen synthase and inactivation of liver glycogen phosphorylase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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