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J Anim Sci. 1998 Dec;76(12):3034-42.

The effects of extrusion processing of carbohydrate sources on weanling pig performance.

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Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506-0201, USA.


Three experiments were conducted to study the effects of extrusion processing on growth performance of weanling pigs. In Exp. 1, 350 weanling pigs (initially 4.4 +/- 1.0 kg BW and 10 +/- 2 d of age) were used to study the effects of various carbohydrate sources (corn, cornstarch, broken rice, wheat flour, and grain sorghum), with or without moist extrusion processing, on growth performance in a 5 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. No carbohydrate source x extrusion processing interactions were observed (P > .10). Growth performance was not affected by extrusion processing; however, pigs fed corn had poorer growth performance (P < .05) than those fed other carbohydrate sources. In Exp. 2, 360 weanling pigs (initially 5.0 +/- .5 kg BW and 10 +/- 2 d of age) were used to determine the interactive effects of ingredient processing and diet complexity on growth performance. Three processing combinations were used with either a simple or complex diet formulation in a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. The three processing conditions were 1) pelleted only (control); 2) corn that was moist-extruded and then the complete diet was pelleted (extruded); or 3) the complete diet was expanded and then pelleted (expanded). Pigs fed extruded diets had a greater improvement in ADG as diet complexity increased than those fed other diets (processing x diet complexity interaction, P < .10). Pigs fed moist-extruded corn had the best growth performance (P < .01). In Exp. 3, 210 weanling pigs (initially 6.8 +/- 1.5 kg BW and 21 +/- 2 d of age) were fed pelleted diets containing nonextruded corn (14.5% gelatinization; control) or corn extruded to provide 38.7, 52.7, 64.4, or 89.3% gelatinization. Average daily gain and ADFI decreased and then increased (P < .05), but apparent digestibility of DM, CP, and energy (P < .01) increased and then decreased with increasing gelatinization. These results indicate that moist extrusion processing of carbohydrate sources has variable effects on growth performance of early-weaned pigs and that the degree of gelatinization does not seem to be a major factor in explaining this variation.

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