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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999 Jan;20(1):69-76.

Disinfection of endoscopes: review of new chemical sterilants used for high-level disinfection.

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University of North Carolina School of Medicine and the Department of Hospital Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Hospitals, Chapel Hill, USA.

Erratum in

  • Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1999 May;20(5):302.


Chemical sterilants are used to high-level disinfect heat-sensitive semicritical items such as endoscopes. Most endoscopes have been reprocessed between each patient use with glutaraldehyde (>2%) or the Steris System 1. Several new chemical sterilants have been developed recently, including 7.5% hydrogen peroxide, 0.08% peracetic acid plus 1.0% hydrogen peroxide, and 0.55% orthophthalaldehyde. In order to aid the infection control professional in choosing the appropriate disinfection methodology, this article reviews the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of high-level disinfectants intended for reprocessing endoscopes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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