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J Arthroplasty. 1999 Jan;14(1):9-20.

Hydroxyapatite coating versus cemented fixation of the tibial component in total knee arthroplasty: prospective randomized comparison of hydroxyapatite-coated and cemented tibial components with 5-year follow-up using radiostereometry.

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Department of Orthopedics, University Hospital of Northern Sweden, Umeå.


Fifty-three consecutive patients (57 knees; mean age, 69 years) entered a prospective randomized study to compare the fixation of hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated (29 knees) with cemented (28 knees) tibial components in the Tricon II total knee arthroplasty. The quality of the fixation during 5 years postoperatively was evaluated with radiostereometric analysis (RSA). Three HA-coated implants were revised: 2 owing to infection, and 1 owing to early delamination of the coating and clinical loosening. Eight patients (9 knees) died, 1 patient sustained a stroke, and 1 patient refused investigations after 1 year. In the 40 patients (19 HA-coated, 21 cemented) remaining at 5 years, the magnitude of the micromotion between the HA-coated and cemented groups did not differ. The HA-coated implants displayed most of the migration within the initial 3 months then stabilized, whereas the cemented implants showed an initially lower, but over time continuously increasing migration. Between 1 and 2 years, 4 of 24 HA-coated and 10 of 23 cemented implants migrated >0.2 mm and were categorized unstable, which has been shown to have a prognostic value as regards future aseptic loosening. Progressive radiolucent lines developed in 2 cemented knees, which both were categorized unstable. If HA-coated implants can sustain the forces that threaten the fixation in the early period after implantation, a strong and enduring fixation may be obtained.

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