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Neuroreport. 1998 Dec 21;9(18):4189-92.

Contribution of GABA(A)-mediated conductances to anoxia-induced depolarization.

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  • 1Montréal Neurological Institute and Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Québec, Canada.


CA1 pyramids were studied intracellularly in rat hippocampal slices to establish the contribution of excitatory amino acid (EAA) and GABA(A) receptors to the depolarizations induced by brief (< 10 min) anoxic episodes. An increase of the amplitude of the depolarizations evoked by successive anoxic episodes occurred with KCl (n=4 cells), not with K-acetate-filled (n=3) recording electrodes. Moreover, with K-acetate-filled electrodes the anoxic depolarization amplitude was reduced, but not abolished by EAA receptor antagonists (n=14). The residual anoxic depolarizations were blocked by a GABA(A) receptor antagonist (n=5) and decreased by the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide (n=4). We conclude that the anoxic depolarizations generated by CA1 pyramids are caused by the activation of EAA along with GABA(A) receptors leading to an increased membrane conductance to both Cl- and HCO3-.

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