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Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1998;83(1-2):104-8.

Characterization and localization of the genes for mouse proteinase-3 (Prtn3) and neutrophil elastase (Ela2).

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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Respiratory, Critical Care and Occupational Medicine, Salt Lake City Veterans Administration Medical Center and the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, (USA).


Proteinase-3 (PR-3) and neutrophil elastase (NE) are polymorphonuclear leukocyte serine proteinases that degrade extracellular matrix proteins including elastin and appear to be involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases characterized by tissue destruction most notably emphysema and Wegener's granulomatosis. In this report we characterize and compare the mouse PR-3 and NE genes and establish by FISH analysis a common location on mouse chromosome 10C2. Each gene consists of five exons and four introns conserving the typical granule-associated serine proteinase gene structure. The mouse PR-3 gene (Prtn3) is approximately 3.7 kb and is within 2.2 kb of the smaller (1.7 kb) NE gene (Ela2). The larger size of Prtn3 is accounted for by differences in intron sizes. A comparison between the mouse and human PR-3 cDNA reveals 73% homology, however, this drops to 60% when the amino acid sequences are compared. Homology between the mouse and human NE cDNA is 77% for both the cDNA and amino acid sequences. The catalytic triad and its placement are conserved among the four genes. The proximal promoter of mouse Prtn3 contains a TATA box, c-myb and an ets transcriptional site. As these are functional elements in the mouse Ela2 promoter they may also be important in the expression of Prtn3.

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