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Syst Appl Microbiol. 1998 Dec;21(4):557-68.

Phylogenetic and physiological diversity of sulphate-reducing bacteria isolated from a salt marsh sediment.

Author information

1
Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham. Juliette_RooneyVarga@uml.edu

Abstract

The phylogenetic and physiological diversity of sulphate-reducing bacteria inhabiting a salt marsh rhizosphere were investigated. Sulphate-reducing bacteria were isolated from a salt marsh rhizosphere using enrichment cultures with electron donors thought to be prevalent in the rhizosphere of Spartina alterniflora. The relationship between phylogeny and nutritional characteristics of 10 strains was investigated. None of the isolates had 16S rRNA sequences identical to other delta subclass sulphate-reducers, sharing 85.3 to 98.1% sequence similarity with 16S rRNA sequences of their respective closest relatives. Phylogenetic analysis placed two isolates, obtained with ethanol as an electron donor, within the Desulfovibrionaceae. Seven isolates, obtained with acetate, butyrate, propionate, or benzoate, were placed within the Desulfobacteriaceae. One isolate, obtained with butyrate, fell within the Desulfobulbus assemblage, which is currently considered part of the Desulfobacteriaceae family. However, due to the phylogenetic breadth and physiological traits of this group, we propose that it be considered a new family, the "Desulfobulbusaceae." The isolates utilised an array of electron donors similar to their closest relatives with a few exceptions. As a whole, the phylogenetic and physiological data indicate isolation of several sulphate-reducing bacteria which might be considered as new species and representative of new genera. Comparison of the Desulfobacteriaceae isolates' 16S rRNA sequences to environmental clones originating from the same study site revealed that none shared more than 86% sequence similarity. The results provide further insight into the diversity of sulphate-reducing bacteria inhabiting the salt marsh ecosystem, as well as supporting general trends in the phylogenetic coherence of physiological traits of delta Proteobacteria sulphate reducers.

PMID:
9924824
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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