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Am Heart J. 1999 Feb;137(2):352-60.

Hospitalization of patients with heart failure: National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1985 to 1995.

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Cardiovascular Health Branch, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA, USA.



In the United States, heart failure has emerged as the leading first-listed diagnosis among hospitalized older adults.


The number and prevalence of hospitalizations, procedure use, and discharge outcomes for men and women aged >/=35 years hospitalized with heart failure were estimated from National Hospital Discharge Survey data for the years 1985 through 1995.


In 10 years, the number of hospitalizations increased from 577,000 to 871,000 for a first-listed diagnosis and from 1.7 to 2.6 million for any diagnosis of heart failure. Almost 78% of men and 85% of women hospitalized with heart failure were aged >/=65 years. Among persons hospitalized with any diagnosis of heart failure, in-hospital mortality rate decreased from 1985 to 1995 whereas prevalence of discharge to long-term care increased. In 1995, 67% of male patients were discharged home, 12% were discharged to long-term care, and 8% died during hospitalization; the corresponding values for female patients were 58%, 21%, and 8%. Men had twice the prevalence of invasive cardiac procedures as did women during hospitalization.


The growing burden of heart failure can be expected to increase during the next decade unless innovative interventions and primary and secondary prevention strategies are implemented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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