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Biochem Cell Biol. 1998;76(2-3):177-88.

NMR for the design of functional mimetics of protein-protein interactions: one key is in the building of bridges.

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Montreal Joint Center for Structural Biology, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, QC.


Using the design of bivalent and bridge-binding inhibitors of thrombin as an example, we review an NMR-based experimental approach for the design of functional mimetics of protein-protein interactions. The strategy includes: (i) identification of binding residues in peptide ligands by differential resonance perturbation, (ii) determination of protein-bound structures of peptide ligands by use of transferred NOEs, (iii) minimization of larger protein and peptide ligands on the basis of NMR structural information, and (iv) linkage of two weakly binding mimetics to produce an inhibitor with enhanced affinity and specificity. This approach can be especially effective for the design of potent and selective functional mimetics of protein-protein interactions because it is less likely that the surfaces of two related proteins or enzymes share two identical binding sites or regions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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