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Gastroenterology. 1999 Feb;116(2):239-47.

Rebound hypersecretion after omeprazole and its relation to on-treatment acid suppression and Helicobacter pylori status.

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University Department of Medicine & Therapeutics, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland.



There have been conflicting reports regarding acid secretion after treatment with omeprazole. This study examined acid secretion after treatment with omeprazole and its relation to Helicobacter pylori status and on-treatment gastric function.


Twelve H. pylori-negative and 9 H. pylori-positive subjects were examined before, on, and at day 15 after an 8-week course of 40 mg/day omeprazole. On each occasion, plasma gastrin, intragastric pH, and acid output were measured basally and in response to increasing doses of gastrin 17.


In the H. pylori-negative subjects at day 15 after omeprazole treatment, basal acid output was 82% higher (P < 0.007) and maximal acid output 28% higher (P < 0.003) than before omeprazole. The degree of increase in maximal acid output was related to both on-treatment pH and on-treatment fasting gastrin levels, being 48.0% in subjects with an on-treatment pH of >4 vs. 21. 0% in those with a pH of <4 (P < 0.02) and 49.2% in subjects with an on-treatment gastrin of >25 ng. L-1 vs. 19.8% in those with a fasting gastrin of <25 ng. L-1 (P < 0.006). At day 15 after omeprazole treatment, the H. pylori-positive subjects showed a heterogeneous response with some having increased acid output and others persisting suppression.


Rebound acid hypersecretion occurs in H. pylori-negative subjects after omeprazole treatment. Its severity is related to the degree of elevation of pH on treatment. Persisting suppression of acid secretion masks the phenomenon in H. pylori-positive subjects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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