Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 1999 Feb 5;274(6):3642-50.

The fidelity of DNA polymerase beta during distributive and processive DNA synthesis.

Author information

Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, NIEHS, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.


During base excision repair, DNA polymerase beta fills 1-6-nucleotide gaps processively, reflecting a contribution of both its 8- and 31-kDa domains to DNA binding. Here we report the fidelity of pol beta during synthesis to fill gaps of 1, 5, 6, or >300 nucleotides. Error rates during distributive synthesis by recombinant rat and human polymerase (pol) beta with a 390-base gap are similar to each other and to previous values with pol beta purified from tissues. The base substitution fidelity of human pol beta when processively filling a 5-nucleotide gap is similar to that with a 361-nucleotide gap, but "closely-spaced" substitutions are produced at a rate at least 60-fold higher than for distributive synthesis. Base substitution fidelity when filling a 1-nucleotide gap is higher than when filling a 5-nucleotide gap, suggesting a contribution of the 8-kDa domain to the dNTP binding pocket and/or a difference in base stacking or DNA structure imposed by pol beta. Nonetheless, 1-nucleotide gap filling is inaccurate, even generating complex substitution-addition errors. Finally, the single-base deletion error rate during processive synthesis to fill a 6-nucleotide gap is indistinguishable from that of distributive synthesis to fill a 390-nucleotide gap. Thus the mechanism of processivity by pol beta does not allow the enzyme to suppress template misalignments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center