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Transfusion. 1999 Jan;39(1):39-47.

Mobilization of blood-derived stem and progenitor cells in normal subjects by granulocyte-macrophage- and granulocyte-colony-stimulating factors.

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  • 1Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It was previously reported that the combination of granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and granulocyte-CSF (G-CSF) for 4 days mobilized more primitive CD34+ subsets than did either G-CSF or GM-CSF alone.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

The studies determine the optimal number of days of growth factor dosing for mobilization and collection of peripheral blood progenitor cells, by increasing the days of administration of GM-CSF and/or G-CSF or employing the sequential administration of GM-CSF followed by G-CSF. Sixty normal subjects were given injections of G-CSF or GM-CSF alone; GM-CSF and G-CSF concurrently for 4, 5, or 6 days; or a sequential regimen of GM-CSF for 3 or 4 days followed by G-CSF for 2 or 3 days. A 10-L apheresis was performed 24 hours after the last dose.

RESULTS:

The three most efficacious mobilization regimens consisted of sequential GM-CSF for 3 days followed by G-CSF for either 2 or 3 days and G-CSF alone for 5 days. Each of these regimens resulted in the collection of significantly greater numbers of CD34+ cells by apheresis than any of the 4-day dosing regimens with G-CSF and/or GM-CSF (sequential GM-CSF/G-CSF: 3 days/2 days = 3.58 +/- 0.53 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg; GM-CSF/G-CSF: 3 days/3 days = 4.45 +/- 1.08 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg; G-CSF: 5 days = 3.58 +/- 0.97 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg; all p<0.05 vs. G-CSF and/or GM-CSF for 4 days). Clonogenic assays generally paralleled the level of CD34+ cells. Regimens containing GM-CSF resulted in a higher percentage of the cells from primitive CD34+/CD38-/HLA-DR+ subset than G-CSF alone.

CONCLUSION:

Compared with 4-day dosing regimens with G-CSF and/or GM-CSF, mobilization of CD34+ cells in normal subjects using sequential GM-CSF for 3 days followed by G-CSF for 2 or 3 days or using G-CSF alone for 5 days increased the number CD34+ cells that can be collected by a single 10-L apheresis 24 hours after the last dose of cytokine.

PMID:
9920165
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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