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Metabolism. 1999 Jan;48(1):134-7.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 has no insulin-like effects in insulin-dependent diabetic dogs maintained normoglycemic and normoinsulinemic.

Author information

1
Diabetes Institute Gerhardt Katsch, Karlsburg, Germany.

Abstract

A pharmacological concentration of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in the insulin-deficient state clearly decreases the blood glucose level. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate a putatively relevant effect of the gastrointestinal peptide as an adjuvant to insulin replacement therapy. GLP-1 (GLP-1(7-36) amide 10 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1)) was infused intravenously over 8 hours in nine fasting, C-peptide-negative diabetic dogs. The animals were under normoglycemic control by glucose-controlled insulin infusion (GCII) during the night before and during GLP-1 administration. During the paired control tests, the animals received saline infusion instead of GLP-1. In addition to the insulin infusion rates required to maintain normoglycemia, hormones, metabolites, and the turnover rates for glucose (6-3H-glucose), alanine (U-14C-alanine), and urea (15N2-urea) were measured during the final 2 hours of GLP-1 administration. Circulating plasma GLP-1 levels increased from 3+/-1 to 17+/-7 pmol/L. There was no significant difference in the insulin infusion rate between the experimental and control groups (0.43+/-0.05 v. 0.40+/-0.05 mU x kg(-1) x h(-1), average over the entire interval). Glycemia was maintained at a practically identical level (4.9+/-0.3 v. 4.8+/-0.4 mmol/L). Also, the concentration of plasma insulin-which was not hyperinsulinemic--and pancreatic glucagon remained unaltered. We found no appreciable effect of GLP-1 on glucose production and metabolic clearance, alanine turnover and the formation of glucose from alanine (1.8+/-0.2 v. 1.4+/-0.2 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1), or the urea production rate as a measure of overall amino acid catabolism (4.1+/-0.4 v. 4.1+/-0.4 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1)). Thus, no conclusive adjuvant effect of GLP-1 was ascertained in insulin-treated diabetic dogs under normoglycemic control.

PMID:
9920158
DOI:
10.1016/s0026-0495(99)90023-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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