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Clin Transpl. 1997:135-47.

Kidney and kidney/pancreas transplantation at Stanford University Medical Center.

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Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA.


The disparity between the supply of cadaveric donors and the demand for renal allografts continues to grow. We have taken a multifaceted approach to increase the allograft pool: 1. Spiral computed tomography to evaluate potential living kidney donors is safer, less invasive, less expensive and more time efficient and thus should encourage living organ donation. 2. Use of selected expanded criteria cadaveric donor kidneys (aged 60 or over, hypertensive) in size- and age-matched recipients have short-term function at 3 and 6 months comparable to standard cadaveric renal allografts. 3. Kidneys from expanded criteria donors over age 59 and with an adjusted creatinine clearance less than 90 ml/min should be used as a dual kidney transplant into an appropriate sized- and aged-matched recipient. 4. Kidneys from pediatric donors < 5 years of age should be utilized as en-bloc grafts, when transplanted into adult recipients. Pediatric renal transplantation poses numerous challenges given the different and problematic etiologies of ESRD, the surgical considerations in small children and infants and the enhanced immune response witnessed in children. Nevertheless, renal transplantation is clearly the therapy of choice for children with ESRD and excellent results can be obtained through strict adherence to surgical detail, tight immunosuppressive management, and aggressive fluid management in infants and small children. We feel it is also critically important that transplantation and follow-up care be carried out by an integrated and experienced surgical and medical team. Managed healthcare has had profound effects on the practice and management of transplantation centers. The one area of greatest impact has been the pressure upon programs to reduce their cost of transplantation. We have initiated a number of new outpatient treatment protocols as part of an effort to contain costs. Most patients with acute rejection are evaluated (including transplant kidney biopsy) and treated in an ambulatory setting. Completion of OKT3 therapy in selected patients is also performed at home through visiting nurses or at our ambulatory care center. Additionally, treatment of CMV disease is now performed almost exclusively on an outpatient basis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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