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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Dec 30;253(3):877-82.

A low-molecular-weight inhibitor against the chemokine receptor CXCR4: a strong anti-HIV peptide T140.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan.


T22 ([Tyr5,12, Lys7]-polyphemusin II) is an 18-residue peptide amide, which has strong anti-HIV activity. T22 inhibits the T cell line-tropic (T-tropic) HIV-1 infection through its specific binding to a chemokine receptor CXCR4, which serves as a coreceptor for the entry of T-tropic HIV-1 strains. Herein, we report our finding of novel 14-residue CXCR4 inhibitors, T134 and T140, on the basis of the T22 structure. In the assays we examined, T140 showed the highest inhibitory activity against HIV-1 entry and the strongest inhibitory effect on the binding of an anti-CXCR4 monoclonal antibody (12G5) to CXCR4 among all the CXCR4 inhibitors that have been reported up to now.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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