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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Dec 30;253(3):639-47.

Unrestricted agonist activity on murine and human cells of a lipopeptide derived from IFN-gamma.

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Institut de Biologie et Institut Pasteur de Lille, URA CNRS 1854, France.


We describe the isolation of a synthetic agonist of IFN-gamma (L-mIFN-gamma-CT) active on mouse and human cells. Its biological activity is the result of the ability of the C-terminal extremity of murine IFN-gamma to interact with the intracellular part of IFNgamma-R and the observation that the modification of peptides by a palmitic acid enables their cytoplasmic delivery. L-mIFN-gamma-CT stimulated murine cells exhibited an increase in MHC class II molecules and FcgammaRII/III expression and conferred protection against viral lysis. Unresponsiveness to L-mIFN-gamma-CT of cells recovered from IFNgamma-R alpha-chain knockout mice indicated the involvement of IFNgamma-R in the biological activities observed. Induction of VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and HLA-DR expression on human cells stimulated with L-mIFN-gamma-CT demonstrated an abrogation of species specificity. These results describe the development of a new synthetic agonist of IFN-gamma, which substitutes for the native cytokine in any IFN-gamma responsive cells, by acting intracellularly on IFN-gammaR.

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