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Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 1998;33(6):437-66.

Reappraisal of the role of heat shock proteins as regulators of steroid receptor activity.

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1
University of Tampere, Medical School, Finland.

Abstract

Almost 30 years have passed since the original demonstration that steroid receptors, comprising a subfamily of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily, exist as large (6-8S) non-DNA-binding complexes in hypotonic extracts (cytosol) of target cells; later such complexes were shown to correspond to a heterooligomer composed of receptor, heat shock (Hsp), and other proteins. Subsequently, an impressive number of studies have dealt with the composition of the "nonactive" complex, its dissociation and/or reassembly in vitro, possible functions of the non-receptor components, and their subcellular compartmentalization. While there is little dispute about the chaperoning role of some Hsps in such a complex, there is still no final proof of an association in vivo of NRs and Hsps in the nuclei of target cells, which is requisite for a direct regulatory involvement of Hsps in NR function. Here we critically review the various models that have been put forward to attribute a biological function to the NR-Hsp90 interaction, evaluate the corresponding experimental data, and integrate recent concepts originating from the structural and functional analyses of NRs.

PMID:
9918514
DOI:
10.1080/10409239891204279
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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