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Clin Cancer Res. 1999 Jan;5(1):135-42.

Changes of angiogenesis and tumor cell apoptosis during colorectal carcinogenesis.

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1
Second Department of Surgery, Fukui Medical University, Yoshida-Gun, Japan.

Abstract

Activation of the angiogenic process occurs during tumorigenesis, as does disturbance of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Seeking a potential correlation, we investigated tumor cell apoptosis, proliferation, and angiogenesis in the adenoma-carcinoma sequence of colorectal carcinogenesis using an in situ apoptosis detection kit and MIB-1 and anti-CD34 antibodies in 27 adenomas with low dysplasia, 17 adenomas with high dysplasia, and 26 carcinomas in adenoma, as well as assessed p53 and bcl-2 expressions. The results showed that the potential for apoptosis was augmented, paralleling the increment of proliferation, in adenomas with low dysplasia but diminished when adenomas progressed from low dysplasia to high dysplasia and cancer. A gradual increment of microvessel density was observed during the progression with an increase during transition from low dysplasia to high dysplasia and cancer. Correlation coefficient test showed an inverse correlation between apoptotic index and microvessel density when all of the lesions were taken into account. No apparent impact of aberrant p53 on angiogenesis or bcl-2 on apoptosis was observed in this study. These results suggest that the angiogenesis initiates during transition from low dysplasia to high dysplasia and cancer, which may, in turn, contribute to the reduction of tumor cell apoptosis during colorectal carcinogenesis.

PMID:
9918211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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