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Clin Chest Med. 1998 Dec;19(4):747-57, ix.

Pulmonary manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis and relapsing polychondritis.

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Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA.


Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects chiefly the joints of the axial skeleton. It is a multisystem disease. Several extra-auricular manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis have been described including ocular, cardiovascular, renal, and neurologic complications. Pulmonary involvement consists principally of upper lobe fibrocystic changes and chest wall restriction. Relapsing polychondritis, on the other hand, is a rare disorder characterized by progressive inflammation and degeneration of the cartilaginous structures and other connective tissues throughout the body. Involvement of the respiratory tract is identified in more than one-half of patients with relapsing polychondritis.

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