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Int J Mol Med. 1999 Feb;3(2):209-13.

Increased production of interleukin-6 by adherent and non-adherent mononuclear cells during 'natural fatigue' but not following 'experimental fatigue' in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.

Abstract

In an investigator-blinded study, adherent (monocytes) and non-adherent cells (lymphocytes) from patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) were examined on two separate occasions (when feeling 'fatigued' and when feeling 'rested') for in vitro spontaneous, phytohemagglutinin- (PHA, for lymphocytes), and lipopolysaccharide- (LPS, for monocytes) induced production of IL-6 by ELISA assay. A group of CFS patients and controls were also subjected to exercise-induced fatigue ('experimental fatigue') and IL-6 production was compared, in a double-blinded manner, prior to and following induction of fatigue. A significant increase in spontaneous, PHA- and LPS-induced IL-6 secretion by both lymphocytes and monocytes was observed in CFS patients during 'natural fatigue' as compared to during state. However, no such changes in IL-6 production were observed during 'experimental fatigue'. These data suggest a role of IL-6 in natural symptomatology and perhaps in the pathogenesis of CFS. In addition, the data demonstrate that laboratory-induced fatigue (experimental fatigue) may not be a good model to study immunological changes in CFS; immunological parameters should be studied in a longitudinal manner during the natural course of the disease.

PMID:
9917531
DOI:
10.3892/ijmm.3.2.209
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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