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Fungal Genet Biol. 1998 Dec;25(3):157-70.

Gibberellin biosynthetic pathway in Gibberella fujikuroi: evidence for a gene cluster.

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Institut für Botanik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Schlossgarten 3, Münster, 48149, Germany.


Differential screening of a Gibberella fujikuroi cDNA library was used to successfully clone and identify genes involved in the pathway of gibberellin biosynthesis. Several cDNA clones that hybridized preferentially to a cDNA probe prepared from mycelium induced for gibberellin production were isolated and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequences of two (identical) clones contained the conserved heme-binding motif of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (FXXGXXXCXG). One of these cDNA fragments was used as a homologous probe for the screening of a genomic library. A hybridizing 6.7-kb genomic SalI fragment was cloned into pUC19. The sequencing of this clone revealed that a second cytochrome P450 monooxygenase gene was closely linked to the first one. Since at least four cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-catalyzed steps are involved in the synthesis of gibberellins, chromosome walking was performed to find a further gene of this family or other genes involved in gibberellin pathway. Next to the two P450 monooxygenase genes, a putative geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase gene, the copalyl diphosphate synthase gene, which is the first specific gene of the gibberellin pathway, and a third P450 monooxygenase gene were identified. These results suggest that at least some of the genes involved in the biosynthesis of gibberellins are closely linked in a gene cluster in G. fujikuroi, as has been recently found for other "dispensable" pathways in fungi.

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