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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1999 Feb 1;362(1):32-7.

Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-mediated activation of rat CYP3A1 gene and its modes of modulation by apolipoprotein AI regulatory protein I and v-ErbA-related protein 3.

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Division of Drug Metabolism and Molecular Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8578, Japan.


CYP3A1 gene (P450/6betaB) encodes testosterone 6beta-hydroxylase (EC in rats. The promoter region of CYP3A1 gene contains three binding sites for nuclear factors: 6betaB-A (-105 to -86), 6betaB-B (-139 to -118), and 6betaB-C (-164 to -145). The 6betaB-A site shows a high degree of similarity to a consensus sequence of the binding site of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 (HNF-4) and also to the 6betaA-A site on the rat CYP3A2 gene promoter region. Our previous study suggested an involvement of the 6betaA-A site in the basal transactivation of CYP3A2 gene using HepG2 cells. In the present study, transactivation through the 6betaB-A and 6betaA-A sites of CYP3A1 and CYP3A2 genes has directly been shown by coexpression of HNF-4 and CYP3A1 or CYP3A2 promoter-reporter fused genes. Similar experiments further showed that nuclear factor binding at the 6betaB-B site hampered HNF-4-mediated transactivation of CYP3A1 gene. Recombinant apolipoprotein AI regulatory protein I (ARP-1) and v-ErbA-related protein 3 (EAR-3) are shown to suppress HNF-4-mediated activation at the 6betaB-B site without competition of HNF-4.

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