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Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Jan;93(1):21-4.

Ten-year follow-up of ovarian cancer patients after second-look laparotomy with negative findings.

Author information

1
University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center, Philadelphia, USA. srubin@obgyn.upenn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine long-term survival and predictors of recurrence in patients with platinum-treated ovarian cancer who were followed for 10 years after second-look laparotomy with negative findings.

METHODS:

Records were reviewed of 91 consecutive patients with negative findings on second-look laparotomy after platinum-based chemotherapy between January 1978 and January 1987. Statistical analysis used Kaplan-Meier survival curves, Cox proportional hazards, and multiple logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Mean age of patients was 57 (range 30-79) years. Distribution by stage and grade was as follows: stage I, ten; II, 18; III, 57; IV, six; grade 1, 18; 2, 28; 3, 45. Forty-seven of 91 women had optimal initial cytoreduction. Recurrence-free survival rates for all subjects were 75% at 2 years, 55% at 5 years, and 52% at 10 years. For women with stage I disease, the recurrence-free survival rate was 90% at 2, 5, and 10 years. For women with stage II disease, recurrence-free survival rates were 78, 72, and 66% at 2, 5, and 10 years, respectively. Patients with stage III or IV disease had recurrence-free survival rates of 72, 44, and 40% at 2, 5, and 10 years, respectively. Risk of recurrent disease was related to tumor stage (relative risk [RR] 2.02; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2, 3.3; P = .005), grade (RR 2.00; 95% CI 1.3, 3.2; P = .004), and presence of a residual tumor of more than 2 cm at the end of initial surgery (RR 3.19; 95% CI 1.2, 8.5; P = .02).

CONCLUSION:

Ovarian cancer patients face an appreciable risk of recurrence in the first 5 years after second-look laparotomy with negative findings after platinum-based chemotherapy, but those who remain disease free at 5 years have excellent long-term survival rates. Tumor stage, grade, and presence of a residual tumor of more than 2 cm after initial surgery are significant predictors of recurrence.

PMID:
9916949
DOI:
10.1016/s0029-7844(98)00334-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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