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Biomaterials. 1999 Jan;20(1):91-8.

Polyphosphazene membranes and microspheres in periodontal diseases and implant surgery.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy.


Membranes or microcapsules made from polyphosphazenes bearing amino acid side groups are proposed for the treatment of periodontal diseases. Polyphosphazene membranes, prepared with alanine ethyl ester and imidazole in the molar ratio of 80:20 as phosphorus substituents, gave a degradation rate that corresponded to the healing of the bone defect. These membranes were much more successful in promoting healing of rabbit tibia defects than polytetrafluoroethylene membranes. Antibacterial or anti-inflammatory drugs, useful in periodontal tissue regeneration, could be entrapped in the polyphosphazene membranes and released both in vitro and in vivo at a rate that ensured therapeutic concentrations in the surrounding tissue. Polyphosphazene microspheres, prepared with phenylalanine ethyl ester as a phosphorus substituent and loaded with succinylsulphathiazole or naproxen, were also obtained. The kinetics of release from these matrices were very convenient in yielding local concentrations of the two drugs that are useful per se or when mixed with hydroxyapatite for better bone formation.

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