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J Immunol. 1999 Jan 15;162(2):821-8.

Deficiency of IL-5 receptor alpha-chain selectively influences the development of the common mucosal immune system independent IgA-producing B-1 cell in mucosa-associated tissues.

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Department of Mucosal Immunology, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Japan.


Deletion of IL-5R alpha-chain (IL-5R alpha-/-) selectively influenced the mucosal IgA responses in vivo. While levels of IgA in mucosal secretions were more reduced in IL-5R alpha-/- mice than in wild-type mice, the levels of IgA in serum were not changed. The frequency of IgA-producing cells was reduced in mucosal effector sites (e.g., intestinal lamina propria and nasal passage), but not in inductive sites such as Payer's patches and nasal-associated lymphoreticular tissues in IL-5R alpha-/- mice. IgA-committed (surface IgA+; sIgA+) B-1 cells mainly resided in mucosal effector tissues, while conventional sIgA+ B (B-2) cells formed in mucosal inductive sites of wild-type mice. In contrast, in the effector tissue of IL-5R alpha-/- mice, sIgA+ B-1 cells, but not sIgA+ B-2 cells in the inductive site, were significantly reduced. IL-5R alpha was more expressed on sIgA+ B-1 cells than was IL-6R, while both IL-5R alpha and IL-6R were expressed on sIgA+ B-2 cells in wild-type mice. sIgA+ B-1 cells produced high levels of IgA with rIL-5 rather than of rIL-6 in vitro. Taken together, the findings suggest that the IL-5/IL-5R signaling pathway is critically important for the development of common mucosal immune system independent sIgA+ B-1 cell in mucosal effector tissues in vivo.

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