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J Chromatogr A. 1998 Dec 11;827(2):281-93.

Comparison of protein adsorption isotherms and uptake rates in preparative cation-exchange materials.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA.


Adsorption isotherms and effective diffusivities of lysozyme in a set of six preparative cation-exchange stationary phases were determined from batch uptake data in a stirred vessel. Both a pore diffusion and a homogeneous diffusion model were used in estimating diffusivities, with the isotherms fitted to a non-Langmuirian analytical isotherm equation. The capacities inferred from the isotherms are found to be correlated with the surface area accessible to lysozyme, the effective surface concentrations obtained being in agreement with values measured by different methods in various non-chromatographic systems. The pore diffusivities show systematic trends with protein and salt concentration, and effects of pore size and connectivity are also evident. Some trends in the homogeneous diffusivities are quite different to those in the pore diffusivities, but these differences largely disappear when the homogeneous diffusivities are rescaled to account for adsorption equilibrium behavior. Additional information is required to elucidate further the mechanisms of coupled diffusion and adsorption in stationary phases.

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