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Clin Chem. 1999 Jan;45(1):78-84.

Immunoreactivity, ultrastructural localization, and transcript expression of prostate-specific antigen in human neuroblastoma cell lines.

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Institute of Histology and Laboratory Analysis, Faculty of Sciences, University of Urbino, Italy.


Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is considered a highly specific biochemical marker of the human prostate gland, and it currently is used for prostate cancer diagnosis and monitoring. Recently, PSA production and secretion were found in nondiseased and diseased cells, tissues, and fluids from women. In this study, we characterized the presence of PSA in two human neuroblastoma cell lines with biochemical, ultrastructural, and molecular approaches. Using reverse transcription-PCR, we identified PSA mRNA, and Western blotting revealed a substantial amount of complexed form of PSA protein, which is localized mainly in free ribosomes. Although the role of PSA in human neuroblastoma cell lines is still unknown, our study supports the hypothesis that this serine protease may be involved in controlling the growth of human brain tumor cells, adding more support to the notion that PSA is a widespread kallikrein-like protease with biological functions much more complex than recently thought.

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