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Ann Neurol. 1999 Jan;45(1):92-9.

Decrease in inhibition in dentate granule cells from patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8082, USA.

Abstract

Alterations in synaptic inhibition are associated with epileptiform activity in several acute animal models; however, it is not clear if there are changes in inhibition in chronically epileptic tissue. We have used intracellular recordings from granule cells of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy to determine whether synaptic inhibition is compromised. Two groups of patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy were used, those with medial temporal lobe sclerosis (MTLE), and those with extrahippocampal masses (MaTLE) where the cell loss and synaptic reorganization that characterize MTLE are not seen. Although the level of tonic inhibition at the somata was not significantly different in the two patient groups, there was a reduction in the conductance of polysynaptic perforant path-evoked fast and slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) (53% and 66%, respectively). We found that there was a comparable decrease in the monosynaptic IPSP conductances examined in the presence of glutamatergic antagonists as that seen for the polysynaptically evoked IPSPs. These data suggest that the decrease in inhibition seen in normal artificial cerebrospinal fluid in MTLE granule cells cannot be solely explained by a decrease in excitatory input onto inhibitory interneurons and may reflect changes at the interneuron-granule cells synapse or in the number of specific inhibitory interneurons.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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