Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Reprod Immunol. 1998 Dec;40(6):385-94.

MHC class II gene silencing in trophoblast cells is caused by inhibition of CIITA expression.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.

Abstract

PROBLEM:

Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecule expression is specifically suppressed on fetal trophoblasts, even in response to interferon (IFN)-gamma, a potent inducer of MHC class II genes. The suppression of class II induction has been suggested to play a role in preventing rejection of the fetal allograft. The mechanism of this suppression is unknown.

METHOD OF STUDY:

Human trophoblast cell lines were examined for expression of MHC class II transcription factors and for activity of the IFN-gamma signaling pathway. Additionally, trophoblast cells were transfected with a vector expressing the class II transactivator, CIITA, and assayed for class II expression.

RESULTS:

The MHC class II transcription factors RFX and X2BP and the IFN-gamma signaling pathway components are expressed constitutively and are functional in trophoblasts. However, CIITA expression was absent in trophoblasts and could not be induced by IFN-gamma. Transfection of CIITA into trophoblast cells resulted in derepression of class II gene expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

The lack of induction of MHC class II genes in response to IFN-gamma in trophoblast cells is caused neither by the absence of factors that bind class II promoters, nor by a lesion in the IFN-gamma signaling pathway, but results from a specific inhibition of the CIITA gene.

Comment in

PMID:
9894561
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center