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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Jan 19;96(2):686-91.

The plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 gene is not required for normal murine development or survival.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0650, USA.


Plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2), a member of the serpin gene family, is thought to serve as a primary regulator of plasminogen activation in the extravascular compartment. High levels of PAI-2 are found in keratinocytes, monocytes, and the human trophoblast, the latter suggesting a role in placental maintenance or embryo development. The primarily intracellular distribution of PAI-2 also may indicate a unique regulatory role in a protease-dependent cellular process such as apoptosis. To examine the potential functions of PAI-2 in vivo, we generated PAI-2-deficient mice by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. Homozygous PAI-2-deficient mice exhibited normal development, survival, and fertility and were also indistinguishable from normal controls in response to a bacterial infectious challenge or endotoxin infusion. No differences in monocyte recruitment into the peritoneum were observed after thioglycollate injection. Epidermal wound healing was equivalent among PAI-2 -/- null and control mice. Finally, crossing PAI-2 -/- with PAI-1 -/- mice to generate animals deficient in both plasminogen activator inhibitors failed to uncover an overlap in function between these two related proteins.

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