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Mol Endocrinol. 1999 Jan;13(1):91-105.

Follicle-stimulating hormone promotes histone H3 phosphorylation on serine-10.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.

Abstract

FSH promoted the rapid phosphorylation of the nuclear protein histone H3 in immature rat ovarian granulosa cells under experimental conditions that lead to cellular differentiation and not proliferation. FSH-stimulated histone H3 phosphorylation correlated with cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) activation and translocation of the PKA catalytic subunit to a nuclear-enriched fraction and was inhibited by the PKA inhibitor H89, and histone H3 phosphorylation was stimulated in cells treated with agents that raise intracellular cAMP levels such as forskolin and 8-bromo-cAMP. FSH-stimulated histone H3 phosphorylation in granulosa cells mapped to ser-10, a site previously identified as the PKA phosphorylation site in various mitotically active cells as the mitosis-specific phosphorylation site. Injection of the FSH analog PMSG to immature rats, which is known to stimulate granulosa cell proliferation as well as differentiation, also promoted histone H3 phosphorylation on ser-10 in granulosa cells. These results establish that FSH-stimulated histone H3 phosphorylation in granulosa cells is linked not only to granulosa cell mitosis but also to granulosa cell differentiation and that FSH-stimulated histone H3 phosphorylation on ser-10 in isolated granulosa cells is mediated by PKA. These results also identify the PKA-dependent histone H3 phosphorylation as an early nuclear protein marker for FSH-stimulated differentiation of granulosa cells. Based on the recently described function of histone H3 as a coactivator of transcription, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that phosphorylated histone H3 may facilitate PKA-dependent gene transcription in granulosa cells leading to the preovulatory phenotype.

PMID:
9892015
DOI:
10.1210/mend.13.1.0222
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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