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Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1998 Dec;91(12):1475-9.

[Influence of alleles of apolipoprotein E on restenosis after coronary angioplasty in women].

[Article in French]

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Service de cardiologie, CHU G-Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand.


Although coronary stenting reduces the incidence of post-angioplasty restenosis, it remains a problem. The influence of lipoproteins on the development of atherosclerosis has been demonstrated but their role in restenosis is controversial. Contradictory results have been published on the subject of the influence of the APO E genotype. In an initial study, the authors showed a closer correlation between Lp (a) and coronary artery disease in women than in men. A sub-group of women who underwent angioplasty and whose lipid profile had been well established, was analysed with respect to APO E alleles. The 59 patients who underwent angioplasty included 35 single, 20 twin and 4 triple vessel diseases. Control coronary angiography was performed in 40 of these women. A telephonic interview was carried out between 12 and 22 months after dilatation on the whole population. The apolipoproteins A1, B, Lp (a) and Lp A1 were measured by immunological, turbidimetric or electroimmunological techniques. The APO E genotyping was performed with the Inno-Lipa kit. The results showed 18 angiographic restenoses (Group A), 20 coronary artery disease without restenosis (Group B), 41 without angiographic (20) or clinical (21) restenosis (Group C). In Group A, the Lp (a) was well above the threshold value of 0.30 g/l. The e4 allele was associated with the highest values of total and LDL cholesterol fractions. There was no significant difference between the APO E genotype of the different groups or with respect to the severity of lesions. The authors conclude that if the e4 is more commonly associated with high LDL-cholesterol and Lp (a), its role in the process of restenosis remains unproven. A greater number of patients is required and further studies are desirable to determine the inflammatory and/or immunological mechanisms through which APO E could influence restenosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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