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Glia. 1999 Jan 15;25(2):111-9.

Late onset and increasing expression of the gap junction protein connexin30 in adult murine brain and long-term cultured astrocytes.

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1
Institut für Genetik, Abteilung Molekulargenetik, Universität Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

In rat brain, expression of the gap junction protein connexin30 increased during the first 3 weeks after birth and reached its maximum after 4 weeks, as shown by analysis with specific connexin30 antibodies. This contrasts with the prenatal onset of connexin43 expression. On cryosections of rat brain, connexin30 immunoreactivity was found near blood vessels and in ependymal as well as in leptomeningeal cells. Expression in the neuropil was first noticed 3 weeks after birth, showing the same spatial pattern of immunoreactivity as connexin43. This late onset of connexin30 expression in astrocytes was also seen in long-term glial cell cultures, where connexin30 was coexpressed with the astrocytic marker proteins S-100beta and glial fibrillary acid protein. In acute brain slices, connexin30 immunofluorescent signals were detected on processes of functionally identified astrocytes. Thus, our results show that connexin30 is expressed in three different cell types of the rodent brain. The late onset of connexin30 expression in astrocytes suggests that this gap junctional protein fulfills a role in intercellular communication among mature astrocytes.

PMID:
9890626
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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