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Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1998 Dec;21(4):803-28.

Substance use disorders. Difficulties in diagnoses.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, USA.

Abstract

Patients attempt, consciously or unconsciously, to minimize or disguise their substance use, in part to preserve shreds of self-respect, avoid guilt and shame, and avoid the real or imagined criticism of others. It is ironic that substance users not only use the substance to gain access to pleasant events or escape or avoid unpleasant events, but also to deny, minimize, or disguise that very use for the same reasons.

PMID:
9890123
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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