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Am J Surg Pathol. 1999 Jan;23(1):82-7.

Prognosis of gastrointestinal smooth-muscle (stromal) tumors: dependence on anatomic site.

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Department of Cellular Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306-6000, USA.


Although the significance of various prognostic factors, such as tumor size and mitotic index (MI), has been well established for smooth-muscle tumors of the stomach, the significance of these factors in other sites is less well defined. We studied 1004 patients with gastrointestinal smooth-muscle tumors for whom vital status could be determined. The average MI and tumor size varied significantly among the five major sites examined: esophagus (53 cases), stomach (524 cases), small bowel 252 cases), colon/rectum (108 cases), and omentum/mesentery/peritoneum (67 cases). There was a significant difference in site-specific survival (p = 0.001), with 10-year survival varying between 50% and 70%. Multivariate analysis demonstrated tumor location (p = 0.0320), size (p = 0.0003), MI (p < 0.0001), and patient age (p < 0.0001) to each carry independent prognostic value. The significance of MI was highly site dependent. Separation of survival curves for the stomach, using a threshold for analysis of either 5 or 10 mitotic figures/50 high-power fields, was very good. In contrast, small-bowel tumors showed little separation between survival curves, regardless of whether a threshold of 1, 5, or 10 mitotic figures MF/50 high-power fields was used to distinguish groups. In no site were tumor size and MI alone sufficient to provide an accurate long-term prediction of prognosis. Although tumor location, size, MI, and age have independent value in predicting the prognosis of patients with gastrointestinal smooth-muscle tumors, better methods are still required to accurately predict clinical course.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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