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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1998 Dec;140(4):429-33.

An investigation into the effects of nicotine gum on short-term memory.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Thames Valley University, Ealing, London, UK.

Abstract

Using a between-subjects 2x2x2 factorial design, 60 smokers and 60 non-smokers (equal number of males and females) performed a short-term memory task requiring delayed free recall of a visually presented supraspan word list. Using a double-blind procedure, half the subjects chewed nicotine gum and the other half chewed placebo gum prior to performing the memory task. Results support previous research findings which show that nicotine significantly improves short-term memory. Sex differences were also investigated, but findings showed no significant differences between male and female subjects. Methodological considerations are discussed and directions for future research are suggested.

PMID:
9888618
DOI:
10.1007/s002130050786
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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