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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1998 Dec;140(4):405-10.

The effects of dopamine D3/D2 receptor agonists on intracranial self stimulation in the rat.

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Neurosciences Research, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Harlow, Essex, UK.


The effects of the dopamine D3/D2 receptor agonists quinpirole, quinelorane and (+/-)7-OH-DPAT [(+/-) 7-hydroxy-2(N,N-di-n-propylamino) tetralin] on intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) were investigated. Rats implanted with bipolar electrodes into the lateral hypothalamus were trained to lever press on a continuous reinforcement schedule for positively reinforcing trains of electrical stimulation. Three measures of responding were calculated; the frequency at which responding was 50% of the maximum (M50), the asymptotic response rate and the total area under the curve (AUC) for each frequency sweep. Quinpirole (2.2-66.0 microg/kg SC) significantly increased M50 and reduced both asymptote and AUC. Quinelorane (0.25-79.0 microg/kg SC) had no significant effect on M50 values but significantly reduced both asymptote and AUC. (+/-)7-OH-DPAT (2.5-74.0 microg/kg) did not significantly affect any of the measures. The data show that low doses of quinpirole and quinelorane, but not (+/-)7-OH-DPAT, inhibit ICSS maintained by electrodes in the lateral hypothalamus. Either dopamine D2 or dopamine D3 receptor stimulation may play a role in mediating ICSS inhibition, but studies with more selective receptor agonists and antagonists are required to define the role of each receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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