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Endocr Res. 1998 Aug-Nov;24(3-4):789-96.

Aldosterone in obesity.

Author information

1
William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, and Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA.

Abstract

Plasma aldosterone levels were measured in adults whose body mass index ranged from lean to obese. Blood was drawn while subjects rested supine for 30-90 minutes. Aldosterone was higher in obese subjects, but could not be explained by renin or K+. The best predictors of plasma aldosterone were abdominal obesity measured as waist/hip ratio or by CT scan, and insulin resistance measured by insulin or oral glucose tolerance tests, or euglycemic clamp. In one cohort, these correlations were limited to women; in the other, they were also found in men. In the women with a strong correlation between aldosterone and visceral fat, aldosterone also correlated with cortisol and DHEA-S. The data are consistent with an effect of visceral fat on adrenal steroidogenesis. Visceral adipocytes have a high rate of triglyceride turnover, and their circulation drains directly to the liver. In an experiment based on these characteristics, rat hepatocytes responded to fatty acids by releasing an unidentified secretagogue that stimulated aldosterone production by rat adrenal glomerulosa cells. The clinical data suggest that aldosterone participates in hypertension associated with the "Insulin Resistance Syndrome". The adrenal in viscerally obese subjects may be driven by a secretagogue released from the liver by fatty acids from abdominal adipocytes.

PMID:
9888579
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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