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J Hypertens. 1998 Dec;16(12 Pt 2):2101-8.

Circadian variation of urinary microalbumin excretion and ambulatory blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension.

Author information

1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Urafune Hospital, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relationship between circadian changes in urinary microalbumin excretion (UAE), blood pressure (BP) and physical activity in patients with essential hypertension.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

The subjects were 45 patients with essential hypertension (EH group: 26 male and 19 female, age 56+/-12 years (mean +/- SD)) and 25 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM group: 14 male and 11 female, age 61+/-10 years). Their BP and physical activity (acceleration) were measured at 30-min intervals for 24 h by means of a multi-biomedical recorder (TM2425). Urine samples were collected during each of four 4-h daytime periods and one 8-h night-time period. From these samples, per-h UAE (UAE/h) was measured. Mean values for mean blood pressure (MBP) and acceleration were calculated for corresponding time periods. Plasma hormones were measured during an early morning rest period.

RESULTS:

In the EH group, a significant positive correlation was observed between circadian variation of UAE/h and MBP in 35 (78%) subjects, and the mean coefficient of correlation (r) was 0.86+/-0.12. A significant positive correlation was observed between circadian variation of UAE/h and mean acceleration value (Gh) in 25 (56%) subjects, and the mean r value was 0.70+/-0.26. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that MBP exerted a greater influence on UAE/h than Gh. Significant positive correlations were observed between UAE/day and plasma human atrial natriuretic peptide and plasma aldosterone concentration (r = 0.50, P < 0.01; r = 0.36, P< 0.05). None of these relations, however, was observed in the DM group.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with essential hypertension, circadian changes in activity and variation of BP influence UAE/h, but no definite relationship of this kind was observed in patients with diabetes mellitus. Measurement of circadian changes in UAE or UAE/day may be useful in estimating the degree of daily stress in non-diabetic patients with essential hypertension.

PMID:
9886903
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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